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Recompiling the quota package in CentOS so that it can use LDAP to find email adresses

Today I compiled my first RPM package from source :-)! But let’s start at the beginning…

At work I recently implemented disk quota on our server. While trying to setup /etc/warnquota.conf I noticed the example lines at the bottom that showed how to configure warnquota to look up e-mail addresses in an LDAP directory. This was exactly what I needed, because we store our user’s e-mail address in our LDAP tree. Without this feature warnquota would try to send its warning mails to user@our-server.example.com instead of (or even other addresses for guests that only visit us for a few weeks). The lines in /etc/warnquota.conf were:

LDAP_MAIL = true
LDAP_HOST = ldap.example.com
LDAP_BASEDN = ou=Users,dc=example,dc=com

So, after saving the file I tested it by running warnquota -s (as root, and I also made sure I reduced my own quota so I would be the one getting an e-mail warning).

Unfortunately warnquota spitted out some errors:

warnquota: Error in config file (line 65), ignoring
warnquota: Error in config file (line 66), ignoring
warnquota: Error in config file (line 67), ignoring
warnquota: Error in config file (line 68), ignoring
warnquota: Error in config file (line 69), ignoring
warnquota: Error in config file (line 70), ignoring
warnquota: Warning: Mailer exitted abnormally.

These were the line numbers with the LDAP options above :-(. Google pointed me to an old bug in Fedora that was marked as resolved. I also found out that the quota tools should be compiled with LDAP support for this to work. To be sure that it was actually possible I configured warnquota on my home server that runs Ubuntu 10.04 and also uses LDAP. There, it all worked as expected.

So, my next step was clear: make my own RPM package for quota. The one installed by CentOS 5.4 is quota-3.13-1.2.5.el5. These are the steps I took:

  • Enable the CentOS source repository by creating the file etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Source.repo with this contents:
    name=CentOS $releasever - $basearch - Source

    The run yum update and check that the new repository is listed.

  • Install the yum-utils and rpmdevtools packages: sudo yum install yum-utils rpmdevtools.
  • Set up a directory to do your build work in. I created the directory ~/tmp/pkgtest.
  • Run rpmdev-setuptree to create the required sub directories.
  • Set the basic build configuration by creating the file ~/.rpmmacros with the following contents:
    # Path to top of build area
    %_topdir    /home/lennart/tmp/pkgtest
  • Go into the SRPMS directory and download the source package: yumdownloader --source quota
  • In the top level directory run rpm -i SRPMS/quota-3.13-1.2.5.el5.src.rpm to unpack the package.
  • The SPECS directory now contains the .spec file that contains the build instructions. The SOURCES directory contains the source files and patches from Red Hat. In a temporary directory I untar-ed the quotatools source tar.gz file and ran ./configure --help to find out which option I should add to the spec file in order to enable LDAP lookup. The option was: --enable-ldapmail=yes. The set of configure lines in the spec file now looked like this:
    %configure \
    	--with-ext2direct=no --enable-rootsbin --enable-ldapmail=yes

    In the spec file I also added a changelog entry:

    * Mon Oct 18 2010 Lennart Karssen <lennart@karssen.org 1:3.13-1.2.6
    - Added --enable-ldapmail=try to the ./configure line to enable LDAP
      for looking up mail addresses. (Resolves Red Hat Bugzilla 133207,
      it is marked as resolved there, but apparently was reintroduced.)

    And I also bumped the build version number at the top of the file (the Release: line). Finally, I added openldap-devel to the BuildPreReq line (of course I ran into a compilation error first and then installed the openldap-devel package :-)).

  • Now it’s time to build the package. In the SPEC directory run: rpmbuild -bb quota.spec and wait. The RPM package is created in the RPMS directory.
  • Install the package: sudo rpm -Uvh RPMS/x86_64/quota-3.13-1.2.6.x86_64.rpm (if you didn’t bump the package version number the --replacepkgs must be added to ‘upgrade’ to the same version).

And that was it! The package installed cleanly and a test run of warnquota -s was successful.


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